The Universal Healthcare Coverage scheme (UC) has experienced a number of difficulties since it was launched 12 years ago, with financial problems being among its biggest challenges.
The UC, which was introduced in 2001, was originally known as the "30-baht scheme" as each patient was required to pay a flat rate of 30 baht per visit.
The scheme was made completely free in 2006 under then public health minister Mongkol Na Songkhla. It has been funded mainly by the government under a capitation payment system. This means hospitals receive fixed monthly payments from the government for each person enrolled in the scheme.
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